Geology & Development of the Lomonosov Diamond Deposit, Northwestern Russia
Russia has been a major diamond producer for more than half a century. Most of its diamond mines occur in the semi-autonomous Sakha Republic within the geological bounds of the Siberian craton. However, over the last 12 years, Alrosa, a public joint-stock company (with both government and private ownership) operating through its subsidiary Severalmaz, has started development and mining at the Lomonosov diamond deposit, the first Russian diamond mine outside the Siberian craton. This deposit occurs in the northwest of the country within the Baltic shield (part of the larger East European craton). Since this region is part of the European continent, Lomonosov is Europe’s first diamond mine.